Youth And Peacebuilding

In 2017, UNFPA, UN WOMEN and UNV in Sri Lanka developed together a joint UN project on the “Participation of Youth and Women in the Peacebuilding process” that was eventually approved and funded by UN Peacebuilding Fund and UNV SVF and that is currently under implementation. This project seeks at empowering women and youth with a greater understanding of peacebuilding issues and aims at catalyzing their participation and engagement in governance and decision-making processes and responses related to sustaining peace.

This project is particularly important as although Sri Lanka has ended a 30-year civil war, there remains unresolved issues of psychological trauma, sexual violence and misunderstanding between different ethnicities.[1] The project is part of the support provided by the UN in Sri Lanka towards the government's Peacebuilding Priority Plan (PPP) which serves as the “framework for a coordinated, government, UN, and other stakeholders response to secure lasting peace in Sri Lanka”. [2] The PPP has recognized youth to be meaningful and empowered agents of transformative change, and as contributing towards a culture of peace.

The youth component of the project is directly aligned with the UN Security Council Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace and Security that was unanimously adopted in 2015 recognizing the positive role that young people play in promoting peace and preventing violence. Recently, UN Security Council put emphasis on the role of young people for negotiating and implementing peace agreements, recognizing that their marginalization was detrimental to building sustainable peace by adopting UN Security Council Resolution 2419 (2018).

[1] Nishan de Mel and Rajesh Venugopal, 'Peacebuilding Context Assessment (Sri Lanka 2016)', http://lk.one.un.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Peacebuilding-Context-Assessment.pdf

[2] ‘Sri Lanka Peacebuliding Priority Plan (August 2016)' , http://lk.one.un.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/PPP-17-April-2017.pdf

Promoting peace in Sri Lanka through training, dialogue and outreach for peacebuilding with youth, youth groups and volunteer organizations including psycho-social support

Innovative training approaches, including the use of inter-group dialogues, will be used in order to promote the better understanding of the issues related to peacebuilding, and thus they are able to understand their potential role to promote peacebuilding. This entails the supporting of the activities of VIO (Volunteers Involving Organizations) and the development of university volunteer schemes, as well as the mobilizing and training university students for peacebuilding. UN Youth Volunteers will be mobilized in VIOs to promote knowledge sharing. Youth leadership trainings, furthermore, will be conducted for the purpose of enhancing the participation and mobilization of youth to prevent violent extremism. It also involves working with the institutionalised mechanisms such as regional SGBV forums to support their outreach functions, with the view to ensuring young victims and young perpetrators have access to psycho-social support and related assistance.

National advocacy on the role of youth in peacebuilding demonstrating youth as positive agents of change

Young Champions for Peace will be identified through the project’s outreach activities and promoted through a variety of media channels. The V-Awards which will focus on the interlinkage between volunteerism and peace, is one of the main components of the national advocacy campaign and will aim at recognizing individuals who make an extraordinary and selfless contribution to the society and rewarding the most outstanding volunteers at the national level.

Financial and technical support to catalyze innovative initiatives led by youth in support of peace

It will focus on supporting youth, youth groups and volunteer groups to translate their understanding and ideas into action. It will include seed funding to support the piloting of originals ideas and concepts, and the establishment of “Social Change-maker Labs”.

Research to better understand the dynamics of violent extremism in Sri Lanka and the potential role of youth and volunteers in addressing it

This project will engage the support of a research organization or academic institution to look into issues with specific focus on Sri Lankan context. The findings of the research will be used to inform the content of the outreach, the training under the activity 1.1 and policy advocacy with the Government to reduce the risk which youth involves in violent activity and to promote non-violent norms at community and school level. The project also will support the implementation of the National Consultations and FGDs on UNSC Resolution 2250 and on volunteerism and citizen engagement in the prevention of violent extremism.

Conduct pre and post monitoring and evaluation of the capacity building programmes of youth-led and youth-focused organizations and the youth leadership training, in peacebuilding and decision making processes

Leveraging on volunteer networks the project aims at setting up an infrastructure for citizen monitoring within youth-led and youth-focused organizations to support the implementation of this activity and ensures the long-term sustainability of monitoring capacity.

#Youth4Peace, the Training of Leaders on Youth and Peace

Under the overall project, UNV is responsible for a specific output on strengthening the capacities of youth-led and youth-focused organizations to engage in peacebuilding processes/including UNSC Resolution 2250. To that effect, the team has developed a capacity building programme that consists of three phases: (i) four residential Trainings of Leaders (ToL) on youth and peace in the project location: Eastern, Northern, Central, and Southern Provinces, (ii) Multiplying Youth and Peace Initiatives in the Community; and (iii) Advocacy efforts towards youth and peace.

Since March 2018, 93 youth leaders have been trained through Youth4Peace, non-formal methodology and learning and with a competences framework development that include strengthening knowledge (such as peace, conflict, violence, conflict escalation and management and gender among other), skills (project development and community mobilization) and values (nonviolent communication, empathy, respect to diversity and tolerance). The trainings have been delivered by young peacebuilders themselves in Sinhalese and Tamil and counted with the support of partners such as UNFPA, UN Women but also the different provincial councils and the youth, peace and security coalition in Sri Lanka.

Some quotes from participants to the training of leaders on youth and peace:

“The best part (of the training) was that we were able to see other cultures in a different perspective. I genuinely feel I am a better person than yesterday.”

“I learnt that many conflicts in our country occur due to lack of communication and due to lack of awareness. If Sri Lankan youth would realize the value of real peace, we could build a better Sri Lanka.”

“The training was very well organised and everything went very smoothly. I have never attended a workshop before like this with activities and even ice breaks relating to the next session to take place.”

These trainings have been crucial in empowering young people in engaging in peace initiatives in Sri Lanka and most important in providing young people with a safe space to express themselves, to learn and interact with other young people from different ethnicities and religions. UNV Sri Lanka is committed to value and young people as positive agents of change and crucial partners in building peaceful communities and supporting democratic governance. Moreover, youth volunteerism promotes civic engagement and active citizenship, solid building blocks for peace.

Virtual Student Round Table on Youth & Peace

A virtual student roundtable, on youth and peace in collaboration with the Akita International University and Sabaragamuwa University, was held from the 21st to 22nd February 2018, at the Sabaragamuwa University. This Intercultural virtual dialogue between students from Akita International University and students from the Sabaragamuwa University was conducted via Skype and facilitated by the UNV Peace Building Fund project. The objective of the event was to raise the awareness of the participants towards peacebuilding and enrich the knowledge of peace building amongst the students, both Japanese and Sri Lankan. The project sought to broaden the intercultural perspective of the students and strived to develop a mutual understanding between them.

The Virtual Student Round Table on Youth and Peace was planned, facilitated, and implemented by Mr. Takashi Kogoma, a UN University Volunteer from Japan, with the support of the UNV PBF team that included, Mr. Ishtartha Wellaboda, Mr. Darshatha Gamage, and Ms. Sooji Han.

On the first day of the program, after the presentation as to the Agenda 2030, the SDGs, UNSCR2250 Youth, Peace and Security, the participants discussed a topic, “What does peace mean to you?” Students found out differences in the definition of peace in each country. On the second day, a cultural presentation was conducted from each country. After the presentation, the participants discussed “peace building by youth”, which enabled them to find out how they can contribute to create the sustainable peace in each country.

The 'Virtual Student Round Table on Youth & Peace' intercultural dialogue was fruitful. We believe that it will have a positive impact on youth, foster mutual understanding, and encourage them to take steps to address hostility towards ethnic minorities.

 

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